Section 2: Cheapness Or Plenty

Chapter 1: The Natural Wants of Mankind

Cheapness or plenty is the most proper way of procuring wealth and abundance.

Nature produces for every animal everything that is needed to support it.

  • Only man does not have any object produced to his liking.
  • Generally however, man's necessities are not so great.
  • Everyone can provide all the above necessities for himself, such as:
  • The delicacy of a man’s body requires more provision than that of any other animal.

    Chapter 2: All the Arts are subservient to the Natural Wants of Mankind

    Those qualities, which are the ground of preference, and which give occasion to pleasure and pain, are the cause of many insignificant demands, which we by no means stand in need of.

    In agriculture, the principal object is the supply of food.

  • Different manufactures are introduced through these, which are so very capable of improvement.
  • Commerce and navigation are also subservient to the same purposes by collecting the produce of these several arts.
  • Writing, to record the multitude of transactions, and geometry, which serves many useful purposes.
  • Law and government, too, seem to propose no other object but this.
  • They secure the individual who has enlarged his property, that he may peaceably enjoy the fruits of it.
  • By law and government:
  • Wisdom and virtue too derive their lustre from supplying these necessities.
  • Besides, it is by the wisdom and probity of those with whom we live that a propriety of conduct is pointed out to us, and the proper means of attaining it.
  • Thus,  all things are subservient to supplying our threefold necessities.

  • Next: Section 3, Chapter 1