The Simplified Wealth of Nations of Adam Smith, Book 5, Chapter 1s: Women's Education and Basic Educational Institutions

Chapter 1s: Women's Education and Basic Educational Institutions

  175 There are no public educational institutions for women.   176 Should the public give no attention to the people's education?   177 In some cases, the state places most individuals in situations that allow them to  naturally develop almost all the abilities and virtues required by that state, without any government attention.   178 In the progress of the division of labour, the employment of most of people becomes confined to a few very simple operations, frequently to one or two.   179 It is otherwise in the barbarous societies of hunters, shepherds, and husbandmen.   180In a civilized society, the education of the common people requires perhaps the public's attention more than those of people of rank and fortune.181 It is otherwise with the common people. 182 The most essential parts of education are to: Common people cannot be so well instructed as rich people. 183The public can facilitate this by establishing a little school in every district where children may be taught for a very small fee that even a common labourer can afford.184The public can encourage basic education by giving small premiums and little badges of distinction to excellent children.185The public can impose basic education on people by obliging every man to undergo an exam before he can be allowed to set up any trade.186 Similarly, the Greeks and Romans maintained their martial spirit by encouraging and even imposing the need for military and gymnastic exercises.   187Modern Europe proves that in the progress of improvement, military exercises and the martial spirit of the people gradually decays unless the government supports it.   188 The ancient institutions of Greece and Rome were much more effective in maintaining the people's martial spirit than the establishment of modern militias.   189 The same thing may be said of the gross ignorance and stupidity in a civilized society.

Next: Chapter 1t: Moral Education