The Simplified Wealth of Nations of Adam Smith, Book 5, Chapter 1y, Part 4: Expenses for Supporting the Sovereign's Dignity


Chapter 1y, Part 4: Expenses for Supporting the Sovereign's Dignity

232 Aside from the expences needed to enable the sovereign to perform his duties, a certain expence is needed to support his dignity. 233 In an opulent and improved society, all the orders of people are everyday growing more expensive in their houses, furniture, dress, etc. 234 In terms of dignity, a monarch is much above his subjects than a chief magistrate is ever supposed to be above his fellow-citizens.

Conclusion

235 The expence of defending society and supporting the dignity of the chief magistrate are spent for the general benefit of the whole society. 236 The expence of the administration of justice is also spent for the benefit of the whole society. 237 Those local or provincial expences of which the benefit is local or provincial should be defrayed by a local or provincial revenue. 238 The expence of maintaining good roads and communications is beneficial to the whole society. 239 The expence for educational institutions and religious instruction is beneficial to the whole society. 240 When beneficial public works or institutions cannot be maintained by the contribution of those who benefit from them, the deficiency must be made up by the general contribution of the whole society.

Next: Chapter 2a: Government Sources of Revenue