The Simplified Wealth of Nations of Adam Smith, Book 5, Chapter 1v, How to solve religious conflicts

Chapter 1v: How to solve religious conflicts

  202 There state can use two very easy and effective remedies to peacefully correct the  disagreeably rigorous morals of little sects.
  1. 203 The first is the study of science and philosophy.
  2. 204 The second remedy is the frequency and gaiety of public diversions.
205 Religions do not need to depend on the executive power in countries where the law did not favour any single religion.  
Organized Religion

206 The clergy of every established church constitute a great incorporation.   207 Articles of faith and all other spiritual matters are not within the department of a temporal sovereign.   208 In all Christian churches, the clergy's benefices are freeholds.   209 In the Christian church's ancient constitution, the bishop of each diocese was elected by the joint votes of: The people did not long retain their right of election.   210 Through most of Europe, the Pope gradually drew to himself:
  1. First, the Consistorial benefices
    • These were a collation of the territories of bishops and abbies
  2. Afterwards, most of the inferior benefices within each diocese.
    • The bishop was given only what was barely necessary to have decent authority over his own clergy.
    •  This arrangement worsened the condition of the sovereign than before.
  211 Those arms were most formidable.   212 The clergy's privileges in those ancient times appear most absurd to us today. 213 Around the 10th-13th centuries in Europe, the Roman church was the most formidable combination ever formed against the government.

Next: Chapter 1w: The decline of the church